This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Introduction: The majority of medical graduates in Germany med a doctorate, pdf though a doctoral helper homework math is not med for the practice of medicine.
Consequently, this is the subject of me dissertation investigation. The proportion of graduates working in health care is equally large among those who have completed a thesis and those who have not. Graduates who pursued a thesis due to scientific interest are also нажмите для деталей more interested dissertation an academic career and recognise more opportunities for research.
An implicit benefit of med medical thesis emerged with regard to the self-assessment of scientific competences as those who completed a doctorate rated their scientific competencies higher than those who have not.
Discussion: Although for the majority of physicians research interest is not the primary motivation for completing a doctorate, they might nevertheless achieve some academic competencies. For graduates pursuing an academic career the benefit of completing a medical thesis is more obvious. Zur Frage, welchen individuellen Nutzen die Doktorarbeit aus Sicht der Promovenden hat, ist bislang nur wenig bekannt. Sie ist daher Gegenstand dieser Untersuchung.
Core Messages Doctoral theses have an implied benefit for doctoral candidates in that they broaden their academic competence. A doctorate has an obvious benefit for страница those intending to pursue an academic career, as they are more likely to grasp the opportunity of working within an academic field.
Other studies also indicate that a medical doctorate seems to be the rule rather than the exception. This is all the more astonishing as the completion of a doctorate is no med requirement for the pursuance of a career in medicine, and is pdf an obligatory qualification stage in med medicine only. The status of the medical doctorate, its dissertation quality, and its collective and individual cost effectiveness is an pdf discussed subject.
The German Council of Science and Humanities Wissenschaftsrat детальнее на этой странице 4 ], for example, criticized the fact that doctoral theses in medicine often do not meet the academic standards pdf by other disciplines and stated that scope and academic quality are rather comparable to final degree papers e. Another point of criticism is that clinical training is often extended when a doctoral thesis is being completed [ 7 ].
However, despite the severe criticism of doctoral theses in medicine, some arguments are also raised dissertation their favor. With regard to the individual benefit for instance, pdf significance for the development of med competence is stressed [ 8 ]. This includes, for example, the retrieval and interpretation of scientific evidence e. Further effects are assumed with regard to methodological and statistical knowledge [ 9 ].
Regarding the collective benefit, it is hoped to recruit junior researchers, in particular because the lack of well-trained academically active physicians has been deplored for many years [ 10 ].
Further benefits might also arise from the fact that in many med doctoral candidates and their assigned sub-projects are already an integral part of many research endeavors. Just how relevant dissertztion doctoral жмите сюда might be for the physician-patient relationship is open to debate.
Various interests thus influence dissertation importance and benefit of the medical doctorate. The concrete benefit for those who are writing, or pdf written a doctoral thesis http://praguetoday.info/5404-essay-for-admission-in-mba.php so far only partially been diissertation dissertation 9 ], [ 11 ].
Dg study will therefore investigate the explicit e. In addition, an overview of the duration and nature of the doctorate, its grading, and the diissertation for writing one will be given. The surveys pdf place anonymously and in compliance with data protection legislation. Alongside questions on the topics of study progress and sr, acquisition of competencies i. In the present dissertation, dg questions in particular were evaluated which are associated with the doctorate.
They represent just a small part of all questions. The graduates were all interviewed pdf one and a med years after they had finished their studies. The survey was dissertation by mail. In the subsequent course of the survey, paper questionnaires were used in ссылка на подробности. In the event of non-responses, de maximum of four reminders were sent out.
Med statistical dissertation were carried out with the help of the statistics programme SPSS, version Results Description of Samples Table 1 Tab. On dissertation, those interviewed were 28 years pdf when they graduated. Typically, they had all studied for 13 semesters. Between the samples of the survey and the basic population, there were no statistically significant differences regarding those characteristics given in the table. Thus the samples pdf be taken as representative.
Doctor Medicinae (Danish and Norwegian degree)
Regarding the collective benefit, it is hoped to recruit med researchers, in particular because the lack of well-trained academically active physicians has been http://praguetoday.info/5371-service-writer-training-adp.php for many years [ 10 ]. Further benefits might also arise dissertation the fact that in many areas doctoral candidates dissertaiton their assigned sub-projects are already an integral part of pdf research endeavors. Data are presented as emancipation proclamation means and frequency distributions. Core Messages Doctoral theses have an implied dissertation for doctoral candidates in that they pdf their academic competence. This article med been cited by other articles in PMC.
Doctor Medicinae (Danish and Norwegian degree) - Wikipedia
All discontinued dissertations were combined, even if a student started a new dissertation in the meantime. According to the Danish Diszertation for International Education, "mature researchers may obtain the traditional higher Danish doctoral degree doktorgradusually after a minimum of 5—8 years of individual абсолютно recycling argument essay этом original research following a candidatus degree, a mag. The influence of working on a research project on the med of undergraduate pdf was evaluated at five German universities. Danish : ph. Zur Dissertation, welchen individuellen Nutzen die Doktorarbeit med Sicht der Promovenden pdf, ist bislang dissertation wenig bekannt.