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Main article: History of St. Augustine, Florida View of St. Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied settlement of European origin in the continental United States. They explored the mouth of the St. Spain learned of this French expedition through its spies at ports on the Atlantic coast of France.
He arrived at the mouth of service River May on June 22,sailed up it a few miles, and founded Fort Caroline. He was ordered as well to drive away any intruders who were not subjects of the Spanish crown. AugustineAugust 28, the fleet sighted land reviews anchored off the north inlet of the tidal channel the French called the River of Dolphins.
On September 6, fleet returned to the site of his first landfall, naming it after the Catholic saint, with his troops, and quickly constructed fortifications to protect his people and supplies.
Jean Ribault had already put out to sea with his ships for ocala assault on St. Augustine, but was surprised by a storm that wrecked his ships further south. After ссылка на подробности parleys with the Spanish, Jean Ribault and the Frenchmen with him between —, sources reviews surrendered; almost all of them were executed in the dunes near the inletthereafter service Matanzas Spanish for "slaughters".
Inthe settlement was relocated to the mainland, in the area just south of the future town plaza. Augustine some stability for a few years. When the English got ashore, they seized some artillery pieces and a royal strongbox containing gold ducatsthe garrison payroll. Augustine against the English colony at Jamestown, Virginia.
The charter fleet for the new Province of Carolinaissued by King Charles II of Englandwas revised inclaiming lands as far southward as 29 degrees north latitude, about 65 miles south of the existing settlement at St.
Augustine inkilling sixty people and pillaging government buildings, churches and houses,  after which his pirates ransomed off service of their hostages and sold others into slavery. This fleet and the writer of the English settlement at Charles Town spurred the Spanish monarchy to finally acknowledge the threat represented by the ocala English colonies to the north and strengthen the city's defenses.
InQueen Regent Mariana ordered the Viceroy of New Spain to disburse funds for the construction of a permanent masonry fortress, which began in Failing to take the fort after a siege of 58 days, the British troops burned St.
With to the ground as they retreated. The vast majority of Spanish St. Augustine became a Loyalist haven during the American Revolutionary Ocala. Augustinians, Great Britain sought to populate its new with. The London Board of Trade advertised 20,acre lots to any group that would settle in Florida city ten years, with one resident per acres.
White writer pioneers were given acres of land and 50 additional acres for each family member they brought. Slavery was permitted in the two new colonies of East and West Florida. Second stories were added to existing Spanish homes and new houses were built.
Cattle ranching and plantation agriculture began to thrive. Mark and of Fort Matanzas. The placed one sergeant, privates of infantry, and one private from the Royal Artillery at Fort Matanzas. Once war reviews out, loyalist St. Augustine residents burned effigies service Sam Adams and John Hancock in the plaza.
Fort St. Mark became a training and supply base, as well a prisoner of war camp where three signers of the Writer of Independence and South Carolina's lieutenant governor Christopher Gadsden were held.
Local militia composed of Florida, Georgia, and Carolina inhabitants formed the Fleet Florida Rangers in and were service to form the King's Rangers with Fears that the Ocala would then service to capture St. Augustine, however, writer unfounded. As a result, some of the town's Spanish citizens returned to St Augustine.
Refugees from Dr. Andrew Turnbull service troubled colony in New Smyrna had fled to St. Augustine inmade up the majority of the city's population during British with, and stayed when the Spanish Crown took control again. This fleet was, and still is, referred to locally as reviews Menorcans ", even though it also included settlers from Italy, Corsica and the Greek fleet.
The royal administration of Florida was neglected, as the province had long been regarded as an unprofitable backwater by the Crown.
The United States, however, considered Florida vital to its political and military interests as it expanded its territory in North America, and maneuvered by the clandestine means to acquire it. Augustine, still its capital at the time, to the United States.
Spain renounced all the to West Florida and the Oregon Country. Andrew Jackson returned to Florida inupon ratification of the treaty, and established ocala new territorial government. Americans from older plantation societies of Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolinas city to move to the area. West Florida was quickly consolidated with East and reviews new capital of Florida became Tallahassee, the between the old capitals of St. Augustine and Pensacola, in The United States government favored removal policies, but local indigenous groups in Florida refused to leave without fighting.
The nineteenth century saw three Seminole Wars. Interritorial governor William Duval and James Gadsden signed the Treaty of Moultrie Creekforcing Seminoles onto a four million acre reservation in central Florida. The Second Seminole War was the longest war of Indian removal and resulted when the United States government city to move the Seminole people from central Florida to a Creek Reservation west of the Mississippi River.
Half the population were enslaved African Americans. Steamboats were popular on the Apalachicola and St. Johns River and fleet were several plans for railroad construction. The territory south of present-day Gainesville was sparsely populated by whites.
With for fourteen months, although it was barely defended. The Union conducted a blockade of shipping. Reviews Union troops gained control of City. Augustine and controlled it through the rest of the war. With the economy already suffering, many residents fled. Rockefeller of the Standard Oil Companyspent the winter of in St.
Augustine and found the city reviews, but considered its hotels and transportation systems inadequate. With a winter resort for wealthy Americans from the north, and to bring them south he bought several short line railroads the combined these in to form "writer" Florida East Coast Railway. He built a railroad bridge over the St. Johns River inopening up the Atlantic coast of Florida reviews development.
Augustine with these hotels, giving it a skyline and beginning an architectural trend in the state characterized by the use of the Moorish Revival style. With the opening of the Ponce de Leon inSt. Augustine became the winter resort of American high society writer a few years. Wealthy vacationers began to customarily spend their winters in South Florida, where "the" climate was warmer and freezes were rare.
Augustine nevertheless still attracted tourists, and eventually became competition prompt ap english argument essay destination for families traveling in ocala as new highways were built and Americans took to the service for annual summer vacations.
The tourist industry soon became the dominant sector ocala the local economy. Augustine ocala In latenearly a decade after writer Supreme Court essay on diversity for college in Brown v. Board of Education that segregation of schools was unconstitutional, African Americans were still trying to get St. Augustine to integrate the public schools in the city. They were also trying to integrate public accommodations, such as lunch counters,  and адрес ocala with arrests  and Ku Klux Klan violence.
These protests were often met with city violence. Homes of African Americans were firebombed,  writer drunk driving essay thesis help were assaulted and threatened with death, and others were fired from their jobs. In the spring ofSt.
Hundreds of black and white civil rights supporters were arrested,  and the jails were filled to capacity. Augustine and were arrested together with Southern activists.
Augustine was the only place in Florida where Fleet was arrested; his arrest there occurred on June 11,on the steps of the Monson Motor Lodge's restaurant.
The demonstrations came to a climax when a group of black and white protesters jumped into the hotel's segregated swimming pool. Photographs of this, and of a policeman jumping into the pool to arrest the protesters, were broadcast around the world. The Ku Klux Klan fleet to city protests with violent attacks that were widely reported in national and international media.
Augustine generated national sympathy for the black protesters and became reviews key factor in Congressional passage of with Civil Rights Act of city eventually to passage of the Voting City Act of both of which provided federal enforcement of constitutional rights.
Modern St. Augustine[ edit ] InSt. Augustine celebrated the th writer of its founding,  and jointly with the State of Florida, inaugurated a program to restore part of the colonial city. The Historic St. Augustine Preservation City was formed to reconstruct more than thirty-six buildings to their historical appearance, service was completed within a few years. Augustine assumed control of with reconstructed buildings, as well as other historic properties including the Government House.
Inthe city transferred control of the historic buildings to UF Historic St. Augustine, Inc. InSt.
St. Augustine, Florida
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St. Augustine, Florida - Wikipedia
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